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About Great Hornbill ( Click- Readmore )

Great Hornbill

Scientific name: Buceros bicornis                                                           
Length:  95 – 120 cm
Class:  Aves
Mass:  2.8 kg (Adult)
Life Span: 35 year or more
Conservation and status: Near Threatened

The great hornbill also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals. 


Figs comprise a major part of the diet but the species also takes eggs, amphibians, reptiles, insects, mammals, and small birds.

The Great Hornbill frequents wet evergreen and mixed deciduous forests, ranging out into open deciduous areas to visit fruit trees and ascending slopes to at least 1,560m (5,118ft) in southern India and up to 2,000m (6,562ft) in Thailand.

Ecology and Conservation

The abundance of this species tends to be correlated with the density of large trees, required for nesting, and it is therefore most common in unlogged forest.



  1. The first two neck vertebrae of the hornbills have been fused to support their large bill. Though its bill looks quite heavy, is actually very light. It is made up of thin-walled hollow cells.
  2. This species is the largest hornbill found on the Indian subcontinent.
  3. It is said that the wing beat of a great hornbill can be heard more than a half mile away!
  4. Hornbills are famous for their nesting ritual. Once courtship and mating are over, the female finds a tree hollow and seals herself in with dung and pellets of mud. The male gathers the pellets from the forest floor and swallows them and later regurgitates small saliva-covered building materials. He then gives them to the female who stays inside the nest leaving a slit for a window big enough to receive food and materials. For the next 6–8 weeks the male feeds the female through this opening.