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About Greater Flamingo (Click-Readmore)


Scientific Name: Phoenicopterus roseus
Family: Phoenicopteridae
Higher classification: Flamingos
Type: Birds
Mass: 2 – 4 kg
Height: 1.1 – 1.5 m


These famous pink birds can be found in warm, watery regions on many continents. They favour environments like estuaries and saline or alkaline lakes.


The greater flamingo is the largest living species of flamingo. Most of the plumage is pinkish-white, but the wing coverts are red and the primary and secondary flight feathers are black. The bill is pink with a restricted black tip, and the legs are entirely pink.


Greater flamingos live and feed in groups called flocks or colonies. They find safety in numbers, which helps to protect individual birds from predators while their heads are down in the mud. Greater flamingos also breed while gathered in groups. Once mating is complete, a pair takes turns incubating their single egg. Young flamingos are born grey and white and do not turn pink for two years.


Blue-green and red algae, diatoms, larval and adult forms of small insects, crustaceans, molluscs, and small fishes make up the main diet of flamingos.