Education & Conservation

Home   > Education & Conservation   > About White-crowned Hornbill ( Click- Readmore )

About White-crowned Hornbill ( Click- Readmore )

White-crowned Hornbill

Scientific name: Berenicornis comatus
Family: Bucerotidae
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Aves
Higher classification: Berenicornis
Conservation status: Near Threatened (Population deceasing)


White-crowned Hornbill is a large hornbill, reaching a length of 83–102 cm (33–40 in) and a weight of 1.3–1.5 kilograms (2.9–3.3 lb). Females are smaller than males. The plumage is black and white. The head, neck, breast and tail are white, while the remaining plumage is black. It has a white crown feathers erected in a crest. Between the eye and the bill and on the throat there is bare dark blue skin. The bill is mainly black, with a yellowish base. Like most hornbills, it has a blackish casque on the top if its bill. The female has a black neck and under parts.


White-crowned hornbills are territorial and may gather in a group of up to 20 birds to feed on various fruits, lizards, arthropods and larvae.


The white-crowned hornbill inhabits the forest of Southeast Asia including Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei, India and Indonesia, specifically in Sumatra and Kalimantan. They live in small to large groups, often found in primary forest, lowland forest, oil palm plantation and cocoa plantation.


The female lays two white eggs in a tree hole, then seals herself in by blocking the entrance to the nest with droppings, debris and mud. The male, and other adults and young forming a cooperative group, feed the breeding female and the chicks through a narrow hole. The female breaks the "wall" and leaves the nest when the chicks are able to fly.